New Education Policy 2020: A look at the proposals on curriculum, courses, and medium of learning, and the takeaways for students, schools, and universities. On Wednesday, the Union Cabinet presented a new National Education Policy (NEP) proposing sweeping changes in school and higher education. This policy aims to transform India into a vibrant knowledge hub making both school and college education better and more flexible. This new policy replaces the thirty-four-year-old National policy on education (NPE), 1986.
1. 10+2 Board structure is dropped
The most notable change comes in sort of approach towards board exams. Elaborating on the reforms, School Education Secretary Anita Kraal said that “Board exams for classes 10 and 12 will be continued but there will be no need to take coaching classes.”
“This is likely to reduce the lumber on students & Board exams will be redesigned to encourage holistic development and will also be made easier by testing core capacities and competencies,” Kraal said.
Going forward, the scholars are going to be allowed to require board exams on up to 2 occasions during any given academic year — one main examination and one for improvement, if desired. All students will take school examinations in classes third, fifth, and eight which can be conducted by the acceptable authority.
First of all, I believe the working climate, in general, will be remarkably better as a result of the fact that the students most likely choose subjects they are really interested in. Thanks to that, the students will be more active and focused during lectures. They will work harder and be more prone to do their homework. They will study adequately and that they will acquire knowledge more easily and knowledge will persist longer.
Furthermore, when the scholars learn to understand studying, they’re going to put more effort into studies which can end in preferable possibilities of achieving favoured marks, which is satisfactory toward the students likewise their teachers. With own experience on hand, if a student is constrained to study plenty of subjects, which he or she is not even interested in, it will just make him/her feel tired and stressed. In many cases this leads to avoiding certain courses the students have no interest in, sometimes even giving up on school and because of this rate of droppers will even reduce.
2. New school structure will be 5+3+3+4:
The 10+2 structure of faculty curricula is to be changed with 5+3+3+4 curricular structures like ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 (years) respectively. This will bring the yet uncovered age group of 3-6 years children under the school administration curriculum, which has been recognized universally as the important stage for the development of the mental state of a child. The new system will have 12 years of schooling primarily with three years of pre-schooling.
3. The other salient features of the NEP 2020:
Children up to 5 years preschool, 6 to 8 mid-school, 8 to 11 high school, and 12 onwards graduations. Any degree course is limited to four years, while students can opt for vocational courses sixth standard onwards. Providing more power to students, students from class eight to 11th.
4. Multilingualism and the power of different languages:
The policy highlights the mother tongue/local/regional language as the means of teaching at least till Class V, but favourably till Class VIII. Sanskrit is planned to be proposed at all levels of school and higher education as an option, including majorly the three-language formula. Other classical languages and pieces of literature of India, such as Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Odia, Pali, Persian will now be available to students as options.
Foreign languages, like Korean, Japanese, Thai, French, German, Spanish and Russian will now be offered at the secondary level. The report goes to be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks.
5. Any degree is going to be of 4 years with multiple entry and exits from any course:
The new National Education Policy approved by the Union Cabinet has introduced a four-year undergraduate degree with numerous entries and exit options for the scholars, eliminating the M.Phil. degree, and establishing a standard education system with fixing fees for both private and public institutions/organizations.
A student would now have the choice of multiple exit options – study for 1 year, 2-year, 3 year or 4 years. consistent with an equivalent, the scholar would be offered a Diploma for 1-year education, Advanced Diploma for 2-year education, Bachelor’s degree for a 3-year course and 4-year course.
With the multidisciplinary approach, most of the bachelor’s degree would aim at becoming a 4-year program with the fourth year adding to the ‘degree with research’. ‘The 4-year Bachelor’s program with multi-disciplinary education, however, shall be the well-liked option since it allows the chance to experience the complete range of holistic and multidisciplinary education with specializing in the chosen major and minors as per the selection of the scholar .’
Under the NEP, an undergraduate degree is going to be of either 3 or 4-year duration with multiple exit options within this era. College is going to be mandated to offer certificates after completing 1 year during discipline or field including vocational and professional areas, a diploma after 2 years of study, or a bachelor’s degree after a 3-year programme.
How is it good for the students?
Effectively, the new policy offers a more flexible thanks to studying, because it lets students pick and choose their academic journey instead of in compliance with the old studying standards and norms. With the new multiple entries and exit options for the scholars and a 4-year degree option, they might be ready to move towards more research-based learning.
6. Coding, vocational skills to be imparted from Class 6 under new education policy:
Students of sophistication 6 will now get to find out coding as a part of school curricula to impart 21st-century skills, the New Education Policy released on Wednesday said. School Education Secretary Anita Karwal said that students of class sixth onwards are going to be taught coding in schools as it is a skill that will be required 21st-century skills.
Besides coding, the policy also makes integration of vocational training from class sixth with internships for college kids with carpenters, laundry persons or craftspersons to find out vocational skills. This may specialise in the enhancement of overall development of scholars.
7. UGC, AICTE, NAAC To Be Merged in New different Body:
The Union Cabinet approved the National Education Policy 2020, thus introducing a replacement era of faculty and better education in India. One of the key changes which NEP will implement is the fixing of a ‘single overarching umbrella body for the whole higher education Commission of India’ (HECI).
Though there’ll be one body, there’ll be distinct and independent bodies that can each assume separate functions of accreditation, funding, and academic standard setting. These bodies will replace huge bodies like the University Grants Commission (UGC) which conducts entrance exams, All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE), and the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) together.
Up so far, UGC was liable for regulating education, AICTE regulated technical and engineering education, and NCTE was liable for regulating teacher training and education.
The HECI will itself get divided into four independent verticals: 1. National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulating institutions, 2. General Education Council (GEC) for setting standards for institutions, 3. Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding institutions, and 4. National Accreditation Council( NAC) for accreditation of institutions. This will be the only common regulation for entire higher education.
8. No hard separation of streams for students:
No separation will be there among ‘curricular’, or ‘co-curricular’, among ‘arts’, ‘commerce’, and ‘sciences’, or between ‘vocational’ or ‘academic’ courses. Each of the four stages of school education may consider moving towards a semester that allows the inclusion of concise modules.
9. Selection of subjects in schools:
Since it is only the students who know what they are good at, it seems adequate that they should have more freedom to settle on their own courses. In fact, it is very important for the students to choose their own subjects without holding back because they are the only ones who know what they are interested in, what they prefer and what they need. That is the main reason why they will pay more attention to the subjects which they are concerned about, they will work more by themselves and look for the important information that relates to the stream and possible future job.
10. National Scholarship Portal for SC, ST, OBC, SDGs students to be expanded:
Efforts are going to be made to incentivize the merit of scholars belonging to SC, ST, OBC, and other SDGs. The National Scholarship Portal is going to be expanded to support, foster, and track the progress of scholars receiving scholarships. Private HEIs are going to be encouraged to supply larger numbers of free ships and scholarships to their students.
11. New Basic learning program for children up to 6 years old:
The government will also create a new basic learning program for parents to teach children up to six years in their home and for preschool as well. It also emphasizes on learning in mother tongue till class 5, and activity-based learning below class 2.
12. The syllabus will be reduced to key knowledge of any subject only:
The NEP 2020 has focused more on the overall development of an individual. The syllabus will now be reduced and to the point information that is the core, knowledge will be provided to the students.
This will surely reduce the stress among the students, and they will need to learn less. Thus, they will perform better in both academic and co-curricular sides.
13. All universities will work on the same grading formulae:
Earlier, universities used to have different grading patterns, but after the new policy, all the government/private/open/deemed/vocational institutes will have the same grading pattern according to the new guidelines. This will help in the proper functioning of all the education-based organizations.
14. New basic learning programmes created for parents to teach children up to 3 years at home:
As the new education system is introduced it not only focuses only on education a child but also on the relationship and bond developed between parents and their children in their infant ages that is why the government is providing parents with new basic learning programmes to teach their children up to the age of 3 at home only through this there will be a strong bond and a feeling of respect for his/her parents which is very curtailing as a well as important in toads generation with this parents can also spend time with their children’s to nourish in them good qualities and respect for other and because of this children doesn’t have to go to school at a very young age.
15. All schools exams will be semester wise 2 in each year:
Schools under the norms of the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will now have to follow a uniform scheme that specifies a two-semester exam system – complete with half-yearly and annual examinations – from Class 6 onwards.
Under this new system, two periodic tests of 10 marks will be conducted in each semester. CBSE officials say it will help to improve the excellence of education, prepare students for the Class 10 board examinations, and provide easy passage of students from one school to another.
16. The syllabus reduced to core knowledge only of any subject:
Core Knowledge may be a curriculum, a scientific syllabus of topics to be studied by students in prekindergarten through 8th grades. It includes topics and subtopics in language arts, world history, Indian history, geography, visual arts, music, mathematics, and science. Core Knowledge balances the description of educational skills with a prescription for subject-content knowledge. The curriculum is designed to offer educators how to know what students have experienced in class and to give students a standard foundation on which to create additional learning. Core Knowledge is different from other curriculums therein it describes what a student should know, not what a student should be able to do.
Another important part of the Core Knowledge Sequence is that it’s intended to be only half a school’s curriculum content. Core Knowledge isn’t a way of teaching, although it’s been linked by some too rigid, teacher-directed instruction and labeled as a traditional, back-to-basics approach to teaching and learning. It has often been portrayed as an approach to education that depends exclusively on lectures and is accompanied by student memorization of names, dates, and facts. Core Knowledge has nothing to do with any of those things: it’s a curriculum, not pedagogics.
Teachers who use cooperative learning, independent research projects, literature-based tutoring, more than one resource, authentic assessment, and other techniques find that Core Knowledge is compatible with these sorts of classroom activities. Core Knowledge teachers perform these attempts throughout the United States of America and now our government got inspired by them.
Core Knowledge is meant to market equity in education by building a base of data for all students in the early years of school. The knowledge domain is meant to be extensive in scope, rather than intensive in an application. In the tradition of a liberal arts education, Core Knowledge students learn a little about a lot, rather than a lot about a little. Core Knowledge, however, is not superficial. It is a precise survey of the subject matter in language arts, history, and geography, music, maths, and science that a well-educated student should know by the top of his/her 8th class. The Core Knowledge Sequence is intended to be only half a school’s curriculum content, so there is time for a teacher to guide students into other topics.
How Core Knowledge Works
The Core Knowledge curriculum is made-up to provide students with the background they will need as they enter the more specialized curriculum that characterizes their high school experience. Core Knowledge is meant to fill several significant gaps in in-class curriculum design.
Up to 5 pre-school 6 to eight mid-school 8 to 11 high school 12 onwards graduation, As the new education has been introduced in India it is mainly inspired by that of America and other foreign countries education system and that is why this new system has been introduced so that students don’t have to face pressure and anxiety towards their studies and can also focus on their extracurricular activities and because of this now only one exam will be taken (like SAT) to get into any college across the country India.
17. More focus on student’s practical and application-based knowledge:
By looking at the new policy we can notice that the government has focused more on application-based knowledge rather than just forcing students to memorize the lessons. They have focused on developing skilled youth who don’t look for jobs but look for ways to provide jobs to others. This step by the government can make the students independent. A dedicated unit will be created by the government to provide content, notes, lectures and modules to the students digitally, which they will be able to access through their devices.
18. Students can now save their credits:
With the operation of the National Education Policy, which has now been permitted by the union cabinet, students are now free to take a drop year in between and save his/her credits in the Digi locker. Higher education secretary Amit Khare told in an interview that the credits that the students will get in their first and second year can now be kept in the Digi locker system that is very safe. So, in the third year, if they want to take a gap and continue their course after a fixed period, they can use these credits stored in the system for further education. This will be a great benefit to all the students who are doing graduation.
19. Students will be provided with Diploma certificates:
The students will be rewarded with a certificate in his/her first year of graduation, a diploma in the second year and a diploma certificate in the third or fourth year, depending on the course. “There will also be a multiple entry system through the academic bank of credit,” said the Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare at a web conference.
20. Based on the rating, the college will be provided with funds:
The NEP 2020 states that the government will provide funds and all the rights to the colleges based on their ratings that depend on their performance, and placements in the recent time.
NEP 2020: Higher education
- One of the most important reforms in higher education includes a target of a 50% gross enrollment ratio by 2035 and provision for multiple entry and exit.
- In the multiple entry and exit scheme, a certificate will be given after the first year, diploma after the second year, and a full degree after three-four years.
- MPhil courses will be dropped under the new NEP 2020.
- There will be only one regulator authority for higher education in the country. It will have separate verticals for finance and approval. This system will work on the ‘Online Self Disclosure Based Transparent System’.
- All higher educational institutions except law (law) and medical colleges will be run by alike authorities. There will be shared rules and regulations for private and public higher educational institutions.
- After a four-year degree program, he/she can then do an MA and then Ph.D. directly without doing MPhil.
NEP 2020: School Education
- The new policy has focused more on basic literacy and basic numeracy.
- There will be major changes in the pedagogical structure of the curriculum with no rigid separation between streams.
- All separations between vocational and academic and curricular and extra-curricular studies will also be taken down under the new policy.
- Board exams will be low stakes and will focus on application-based knowledge.
- Mother tongue to be the standard of instructions till 5th class.
- Report cards will be a comprehensive report on the skills and capabilities of the student(not focusing much on marks).